Download Ali Khamenei by John Murphy PDF

By John Murphy

Whereas a lot awareness has been centred lately upon Iran's fiery and debatable president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the nation's different best strength dealer has remained principally within the shadows...until now. Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei used to be born right into a family members of strict piety and reasonable poverty. As a serious-minded non secular pupil, he quickly stuck the attention of the Ayatollah Khomeini. becoming a member of Khomeini in his innovative actions opposed to the U.S.-backed Shah of Iran, Khamenei used to be time and again imprisoned and tortured. Undaunted, he survived to witness Khomeini's successful go back from exile and was once rewarded for his sacrifices to the Islamic revolution with a sequence of significant executive and spiritual appointments. Upon Khomeini's demise, Khamenei used to be named his successor and have become the Grand Ayatollah of Iran. This new biography is key studying for these desirous to find out about a guy more likely to turn into the most influential global leaders of the twenty first century.

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Religious and Revolutionary Inspirations Following high school, Khamenei entered the Sulayman Khan Madrassa, a theological seminary in Mashhad. While many of his peers were entering trades or taking professional classes, he had set himself on a religious course. He was studying to become a Muslim cleric.

Yet, within a hundred years, the Turks, too, were forced to yield to an invading force—the much dreaded and terrifying Mongols, also of central Asia, led by the savage and bloodthirsty Genghis Khan. Though shockingly violent, Khan was also a brilliant military tactician, terrorizing, sacking, and subduing most of central Asia and the former Persian Empire within only a few years. Contemporary accounts suggest that nearly every Persian city, town, and village fell victim to the Mongols’ slaughter.

Arabian tribal traditions usually determined leadership questions by choosing a replacement among the deceased leader’s descendants and relatives or by choosing a new leader (who may or may not have been related to the deceased leader) through tribal consensus (general agreement). Muhammad had no son, so attention fell upon two main candidates for succession—Ali, the Prophet’s cousin and son-in-law (he was married to Muhammad’s daughter), and Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law and longtime companion and adviser.

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